Madrassas Reforms in Pakistan: An analysis between Madrassa and social values




 The educational landscape of Pakistan has long been characterized by a dual system where madrassas play a crucial role in providing religious education. Over the years, madrassas have faced scrutiny and calls for reform due to their perceived role in fostering extremism and their outdated educational practices. This paper critically appraises the current strategies for madrassa reforms in Pakistan and examines future prospects. To evaluate the effectiveness of existing reform strategies, identify challenges, and propose actionable recommendations for integrating madrassa education into the national educational framework. The study employs a mixed-methods approach, incorporating qualitative data from interviews with policymakers, educators, and madrassa administrators, as well as quantitative data from surveys and government reports. A comprehensive literature review was also conducted to provide context and background. Recent initiatives have aimed at standardizing curricula, incorporating modern subjects, and enhancing regulatory oversight. Despite these efforts, implementation has been inconsistent and met with resistance from madrassa authorities. Key challenges include ideological resistance, inadequate funding, lack of trained teachers for modern subjects, and political interference. Additionally, there is a significant variation in the acceptance and implementation of reforms across different madrassa networks. While some madrassas have adopted reforms and integrated modern subjects, many continue to operate traditionally, limiting the broader impact of reforms. Policy Harmonization: Establish a unified regulatory framework that ensures consistent implementation of reforms across all madrassas. Capacity Building: Invest in training programs for madrassa teachers to equip them with the skills needed to teach modern subjects. Community Engagement: Engage with religious leaders and communities to build support for reforms and address ideological resistance. Funding and Resources: Ensure adequate funding and resources for madrassas to facilitate the integration of modern subjects without compromising religious education. The study concludes that while madrassa reforms in Pakistan have made some progress, significant challenges remain. A holistic approach that includes policy harmonization, capacity building, community engagement, and adequate funding is essential for the successful integration of madrassa education into the national framework. Future prospects depend on sustained efforts and collaborative engagement among all stakeholders. This abstract summarizes the key elements of the study, highlighting the current state of madrassa reforms, the challenges faced, and potential solutions to improve the effectiveness of these reforms. For a detailed analysis and further insights.

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How to Cite
AWAIS SATTAR. (2024). Madrassas Reforms in Pakistan: An analysis between Madrassa and social values. Harf-O-Sukhan, 8(2), 597-608. Retrieved from