This qualitative study delves into the strategies and experiences of ESL teachers in Multan, Pakistan, as they instruct students with diverse L1 backgrounds. Through interviews with 18 educators, the research identified key themes that illuminate effective ESL instruction. Notably, cultural sensitivity and awareness emerged as foundational, emphasizing the importance of acknowledging and celebrating students' cultural diversity. Adaptation of pedagogical approaches, flexibility in lesson planning, collaborative learning, and a commitment to continuous professional development are identified as pivotal components of successful ESL teaching. These findings align with established principles in ESL pedagogy, offering practical insights for educators and policymakers seeking to enhance ESL instruction in multicultural settings. The study underscores the significance of culturally responsive education in fostering language acquisition, intercultural understanding, and inclusive learning environments.
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