Soon after the partition, Urdu literature began to scrutinize the social and economic challenges that the new nation faced, one of which was the portrayal of the capitalist system. Urdu short stories of that time exhibit a multifaceted and often skeptical view of capitalism in Pakistan. These stories illustrate the stark contrast between the wealthy and the impoverished and the exploitation of the working class. The authors describe the challenges that the less fortunate segments of society face, and the adverse effects of capitalism on their lives, such as poverty, social exclusion, etc. This article is based on such selected stories that depict the negative aspects of capitalist system and provide a nuanced understanding of the impact of capitalism on individuals and society.