Sher Muhammad Akhter is one of the founding members of Halqa_e_ Arbaab_e _Zauq. His writing includes several dimentions which consist of fiction, nonfiction, translation, dramatization and coloumn writing but most of the people are unaware of his such literary contributions .Basically he was a short story writer and the foremost aim of this article is to conduct the thematic analysis of his short story writing. His fiction covers a wide range of topics such as social conflict, clash of civilizations, economic inequality and psychological approach. For a proper analysis of Sher Muhammad Akhtar's fiction, it is necessary to look at the themes of his contemporary fiction literature. Urdu fiction opened its eyes in the era of colonialism, where it came into contact with two extremes of thought. Where on the one hand “The works of Sajjad Haider Yıldırım, the representative of "Literature for Literature" were decorating the minds with the vivid imaginations of the islands of romance and on the other hand, in the works of Premchand, "Literature for Life" wounded the stormy eyes of the conditions in the desert of reality and was hurting the soul.