Sir Syed Ahmad Khan occupies a prominent position as the flag bearer of renaissance for Muslims after the War of Independence of 1857. His ancestors belonged to the Mughal courts. In this environment, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan was born in Delhi in 1817 and read the early books of religious education. He was fond of writing and editing. His book on Antiquities of Delhi "Atar al-Sanadid" was loved in every circle. Sir Syed was appointed Sub Judge in Bijnor in 1855 (Sadar Amin). He also edited and published a book called Aain Akbari during his stay in Bijnor. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan lived in Moradabad, Ghazipuri and Aligarh. Established "Scientific Society" in Aligarh 1863. Here he translated some English books on history and political science. Issued "Institute Gazette" here. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan was its editor throughout his life. He went to England to write the response to Sir William Peacock's book. England to write a response to Sir William Peacock's book. There he got the title of C.S.I. The name of the book prepared in response to William Peacock's book "Serat Rasool" is "Khatbat Ahmadiyya". After returning from England in 1870, he published the magazine "Tahzeeb-ul-Akhlaq". In 1875 Madrasatul Uloom was established in Aligarh, in 1878 it reached the level of a college and in 1920 it got the status of a university. A few years after he established the "Educational Conference". After the War of Independence, he wrote a short book, “the causes of Indian revolt” and inspired Muslims to get modern education.
The religious thought of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan was disagreed the Majority of Muslim scholars. Allama Iqbal has given very little reference to the thought of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. A poem in "Bangdara" is named after him. Allama Iqbal realized that he could not express his thoughts about Syed Ahmad Shaheed Barelvi (Balakot) and Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. In Javed Nama, Iqbal presented some thoughts on behalf of many Muslim and non-Muslim scholars. Allama Iqbal did not mention Sir Syed Ahmad Khan in his sermons. Iqbal did not generally praise or criticize Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. Iqbal considered Sir Syed Ahmad Khan only as an educational reformer. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan was not a philosopher.