The Evolution of Islamic Education in Pakistan




 Islamic education has a long history in Pakistan, dating back to the arrival of Islam in the region in the 8th century. Over the centuries, Islamic education in Pakistan has evolved in response to changing political, social, and economic conditions. This paper examines the evolution of Islamic education in Pakistan, focusing on key shifts in curricula, teaching methods, and institutions. One of the earliest forms of Islamic education in Pakistan was the madrasa system, which was established to train scholars and clergy in Islamic theology, jurisprudence, and ethics. These madrasas played a crucial role in preserving Islamic knowledge and traditions in the region. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Islamic education in Pakistan underwent significant changes as a result of British colonial rule and modernization efforts. The curriculum in madrasas was expanded to include subjects such as mathematics, science, and English, reflecting the influence of Western education systems. In the post-independence period, Islamic education in Pakistan continued to evolve, with the establishment of new educational institutions such as Islamic universities and colleges. These institutions offered a more comprehensive and modernized curriculum, combining traditional Islamic teachings with contemporary subjects. Today, Islamic education in Pakistan is a diverse and dynamic field, with a wide range of educational institutions offering programs in Islamic studies, Quranic studies, and Islamic law. The government has also taken steps to regulate and standardize Islamic education through the establishment of regulatory bodies and accreditation processes. Despite these developments, challenges remain in the field of Islamic education in Pakistan, including issues related to curriculum reform, teacher training, and the integration of modern technology into traditional teaching methods. Moving forward, it is essential for policymakers, educators, and religious scholars to work together to ensure that Islamic education in Pakistan continues to evolve and adapt to meet the needs of a changing society.


How to Cite
USMAN AFAQ. (2024). The Evolution of Islamic Education in Pakistan. Harf-O-Sukhan, 8(2), 609-620. Retrieved from