THE IMPACT OF MONITORING (IMU) ON GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS TEACHER’S PUNCTUALITY IN MALAKAND-PAKISTAN
The present study was conducted with the aim to know about the impact of Monitoring on teachers’ punctuality in district Malakand of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. A sample size of 565 teachers was selected from three tehsils of the district through multi-stage sampling method which was proportionally allocated to all tehsils. Interview schedule was used as tool of data collection. The link between the Independent Monitroing Unit (IMU) and teacher’s punctuality was examined through chi-square test and Pearson Co-relation which demonstrates how independent and dependent variables are associated. The value of chi-square test (0.000) shows that a highly significant association was found between IMU and punctuality. The substantial association between the two variables is depicted by the value of Gamma (0.556) and its value of significance (0.000). The score of monitoring and punctuality moves from low to high, R=0.0 to R= 12.1 and finally to R= 22.4, which shows that when monitoring increases from low to high, the punctuality of teachers increases by almost three times. This confirms the study hypothesis i.e. monitoring influences teacher’s punctuality. Pearson Correlation between demographic variables, punctuality and teacher’s performance shows a negative and significant relationship between the variables; area of residence and monitoring (r= -0.089 and Sig. 0.035), a highly positive and significant relationship between professional qualification and monitoring (r= 0.100 and sig. 0.018), and a positive & significant relationships were found between the level of education and punctuality (r=0.108 & sig. 0.010) & number of trainings and punctuality (r= -0.132 & sig. 0.002), while relationship with all other variables were found non-significant. The study recommended that by appreciating teachers for their regular attendance and giving rewards in the form of allowances, increments, awards, certificates etc. & by taking strict action against those teachers who remain absent from duties without genuine reasons, the punctuality of teachers can be improved as well as the quality of education.