It is fact that the Muslims have had always responded to the foreign challenges either in shape of colonial and political domination, military intervention, missionary activities or in the sphere of Western idealism or intellectual modernism. It is said that the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries were the periods of decline the Muslim world, but in that period the purificationist and revivalist movements were quite active against the colonial ascendancy. These movements whether raised in the Middle East or in India, adopted an approach of relegio-political positivism and germinated Islāmic dynamism. There is a striking parallelism between the movements launched either in India or in the Middle East. A critical anylsis is given on the association of Syed Ahmad Shahid’s jihad movement with the Wahhabi movement of Arabia as well as the effects of Muslim rebel to the colonial and their allies. This paper presents a historical sketch of insurgence in subcontinent from Shah Waliullah to later established school of thoughts. This paper will help to understand the historical roots of Muslim uprising history in the region.